Yolanda Cabezas, Technician of the Area of Projects, Mining and Environment of IPH exposed last May 9 in the University Master’s Degree in Advanced Biology of the US, the relevance that on the modeling of landscapes and ecosystems has had and has the mining exploitation in the strip pyrite of Huelva.
The paper tried to bring the reality of the mining sector in Huelva closer to the university world.
The paper addressed, in the first instance, the legal certainty that the normative compendium existing in our country and in Andalusia gives to mining exploitation and research in terms of minimization of impacts on the environment in general and the conservation of biodiversity in particular. Special emphasis was placed on restoration plans and the mandatory provision of guarantees before the granting of mining rights. The Mining Strategy of Andalusia 2020 was addressed to study the current situation of mining in Andalusia and its future horizon, with respect to its environmental, economic and cultural sustainability.
The unique heritage wealth that the historical mining exploitation has left us in the pyrite belt of Huelva was presented, focusing on cultural heritage, biodiversity and landscape as examples to illustrate how the use of the mining natural resource has made the environment evolve to the present day. Goods of Cultural Interest, mining landscapes and unique ecosystems focused this part of the presentation that placed the attendees before a perspective of mining unknown to them.
Other examples of nonmetallic mining that equally surprised were addressed. Specifically, the Odiel salt flats, included entirely in the Marismas del Odiel Natural Site, constitute a red flamingo reservoir for the entire Huelva coast, because the micro invertebrate it feeds on, the Artemia salina, </ em > develops in the hypersaline water of these mining holdings.
Regarding the quarries, the case of the Macías quarry and the Dianthus inoxianus Conservation Project by the University of Seville and the company were discussed exploiter Áridos La Melera SL with the impulse and monitoring of IPH. Through this project it has been possible to translocate a species of protected flora included in the Catalog of Endangered Species of Andalusia, which has required a special authorization from the Ministry of Environment because it is a prohibited action. The change of location of these plants has been made from the quarry exploitation area to conservation areas within the farm itself and its ability to survive after translocation is under investigation.
The conclusion of the presentation was, and all the attendees agreed, students and teachers of the Master, that not only is it possible to carry out a mining operation or research ensuring the conservation of biodiversity, but that mining constitutes a value to conserve, because It evolves along with the territory and the population, allowing the development of its own landscapes and ecosystems, such as the Riotinto and its entire watershed.