The binomial complex between biodiversity conservation and mining has been possible in the Macías quarry thanks to IPH, with the necessary participation of experts in protected flora from the University of Sevilla and the operating company Áridos La Melera.
IPH, responsible for the environmental management and the optional management of the exploitation of resources of section A) Macías, has managed to combine its exploitation with the conservation of a wild carnation with the maximum degree of protection granted by current legislation.
Dianthus inoxianus is a species of protected flora present in the Macías quarry. This species is classified as vulnerable according to Annex X of Decree 23/2012 of February 14, which regulates the conservation and sustainable use of wild flora and fauna and their habitats, being included in the Andalusian Catalog of species threatened.
The Macías quarry, despite having all the relevant mining and environmental authorizations so that the extraction of aggregates could be undertaken, had the presence of this species of protected flora in its area of exploitation. IPH designed a conservation project and led to a collaboration agreement between the University of Seville and Áridos La Melera, through which the operating company was committed to financing the research. The Dianthus inoxianus conservation project was approved by the General Directorate of Natural Environment Management of the Ministry of Environment, which exceptionally authorized the management of D. inoxianus for justified research reasons in the Macías quarry.
At the head of the research project is the biologist Francisco Balao, professor and researcher attached to the Department of Plant Biology and Ecology of the Faculty of Biology of Seville, who did his doctoral thesis in Dianthus inoxianus, and who is the highest expert in the field world level
Among the conservation measures that are being carried out within the scope of the conservation project are: the translocation of the Dianthus inoxianus specimens located in the exploitation area; the collection of seeds and shipment to the Andalusian Germplasm Bank for the custody of their genetic material; and the cloning of plants by sketching in the General Research Services of Greenhouse and Biology located at the Center for Research, Technology and Innovation of the University of Seville (Citius). The cuttings will be transplanted to the Macías farm, along with the plants translocated from their original location, to flora protection zones established within the Macías farm.